5 Major Effects of Sleep Deprivation that Occur in your Body

Hasn’t sleep deprivation become a widespread concern in the modern world? Referring to the hectic and fast lifestyles, people usually find sleep to be sacrificed.

With the advent of the internet, people are finding more and more opportunities to work for foreign companies while staying in their own country. This common trend has given birth to the concept of night shifts and jobs. Night shift is the biggest culprit in this regard.

Sleeping is daytime has no comparison with the good night’s sleep. But, these people have a valid reason to stay awake at night. Late sleepers have no good reason. Yes, your spectrum basic cable channels are amazing and full of entertainment, but it’s not cool to sleep at 5 am in the morning. You cannot watch the shows and movies all night and deprive yourself of quality sleep.

Younger people and children are more vulnerable to damaging effects of sleep deprivation as compared to older adults. Sleep deprivation affects people at some point in their life, no matter what their age is. And we are not talking about occasional interruptions in sleep because they are nothing more than a nuisance.

We are talking about recurrent lack of sleep. Some general symptoms of which are emotional difficulties, daytime sleepiness, obesity, poor performance at the job, and a bunch of other problems. Hence, everyone should make an effort to prevent sleep deprivation.

5 Major Effects of Sleep Deprivation

Below we are going to discuss five different systems, which are adversely affected by sleep deprivation.

  1. Psychological System
  2. CNS (Central Nervous System)
  3. Immune system
  4. Respiratory System
  5. Endocrine System

Let’s know how lack of sleep affects them.

Psychological System

If the sleep patterns are recurrently disturbed, and sleep deprivation continues for a long time, the person can start seeing and hearing things, which are not there. This condition is called hallucinating.

A constant lack of sleep can trigger mania in people who suffer from manic depression. They can also experience episodes of micro-sleeping, which means falling asleep for minutes or seconds without realizing it. Since this kind of sleep is uncontrollable, it is very dangerous especially if the individual is driving. In addition to these, other psychological risks are:

  • Paranoia
  • Impulsive behavior
  • Depression
  • Suicidal thoughts

CNS (Central Nervous System)

CNS works as the information highway in the body. Quality sleep is essential to the smooth functioning of the central nervous system. Chronic insomnia can disturb the normal procedure of sending information. While you are sleeping, pathways form between neurons in the brain, which helps you in remembering any new information that you have learned.

However, if you are suffering from sleep deprivation, you will exhaust your brain, and it won’t be able to do this duty very well. Your concentration levels will also go low. Learning new things will become harder. The signals delivered by the body to the brain may undergo a delay. It will affect your coordination skills. It can even increase the risk of accidents.

Immune System

During sleep, the immune system produces infection-fighting, protective substances such as cytokines. They help in combating foreign invaders like viruses and bacteria. Also, cytokines help you sleep and provide the immune system with extra energy to protect the body against any illnesses.

Sleep deprivation affects the immune system in a way that it is unable to build up its forces. Not getting enough sleep means not being able to fend off any invaders. If sleep deprivation prolongs, it can aggravate the risks of chronic diseases such as heart diseases and diabetes.

Respiratory System

There is a strong connection between quality sleep and respiratory system. Any breathing disorder such as OSA (obstructive sleep apnea) may interrupt your sleep. It will affect the quality of your sleep. The difficulty in breathing can cause you to keep getting awake throughout the night, hence, sleep deprivation! The vulnerability to catch respiratory infections such as flu and common cold increases.

Moreover, sleep deprivation can aggravate any existing respiratory problems and make them worse. One instance is chronic lung disease.

Endocrine System

The production of all sorts of hormones greatly depends on your sleep. For instance, for the production of testosterone, you need a minimum of three hours of quality, uninterrupted sleep. And people who stay awake throughout the night can significantly affect hormone production. Also, sleep deprivation can also affect the production of growth hormone, especially in adolescents and children. Growth hormones contribute to building muscle mass and in the repair of tissues and cells.

So, curb your craving to stay glued to your gadget screen all night. Or, the temptation to endlessly surf channels with your Spectrum TV Packages for that matter. Never compromise on your sleep. It isn’t worth it!

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